SA honey production on a downward spiral

The decrease in SA honey production would result in increased prices, and a local producer market that was fast facing international competition.

SA honey production on a downward spiral
Adverse weather conditions are causing a drop in local honey supplies.
Photo: Jeandré du Preez

According to Paul Makube, senior agricultural economist at FNB, the adverse weather conditions in South Africa, particularly the Western Cape, was largely to blame for the current decrease in production.

“Drought was a principal factor in the current shortage,” he said. “In previous years, wholesale prices ranged from R40/kg to R45/kg, but prices recently reached R65/kg, due to the drought.”

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Moreover, the Cape honeybee population suffered a severe setback earlier this year when devastating wildfires in the Garden Route region destroyed more than 1 000 hives, as well as a significant portion of the bees’ forage.

Makube explained that limited domestic supply was a result of growing demand for the product, and insufficient production to meet this demand.

“South Africa’s honey production is normally around 2 000t per year, and current estimates indicate that a decrease in production is expected. At least 1 000t is normally imported. At 3 000t, local consumption far outstrips supply, and the deficit is met by imports,” explained Makube.

According to Makube, these imports meant a loss of market share for local products and producers. In addition to weather conditions, commercial producers also faced other serious challenges, such as vandalism and theft, pests and diseases, competition from cheap imports, loss of forage, and a lack of research capacity.

Makube added that although production was expected to rebound as conditions normalised, the effect on the agri-sector could be severe if production did not sufficiently recover, while the impact on biodiversity could be even more severe in the longer term.

Jeandré Du Preez is the newest addition to the Farmer’s Weekly team. Originating from a Riversdal farming family, she has farming in her blood. After school she furthered her studies at Stellenbosch and has been working as an agricultural journalist for the past two years. She says she feels privileged to write about an industry paramount to the survival of all South Africans and is inspired by the innovative solutions with which the farming community bridges the many challenges they face. She enjoys being able to combine work with travel and appreciates the modesty and friendliness with which South Africa’s farmers share their accomplishments. She enjoys being able to combine work with travel and appreciates the modesty and friendliness with which South Africa’s farmers share their accomplishments. If she is not writing or visiting farms, you’ll find her relaxing with a good mystery novel or exploring her other passions: travelling and cooking.